a. What is a cookie and how is it used?
A cookie is a piece of text that is sent by a web server (e.g. this website) to the user’s Internet browser. The browser then automatically stores the cookie on the user’s computer, and automatically sends it back to the server whenever the user visits the website. By default, almost all web browsers allow cookies to be accepted automatically.
NETTUNO’s websites use or may use one or more of the types of cookies listed below. The cookies are categorized in accordance with Opinion 04/2012 on Cookie Consent Exemption, issued by the Article 29 Working Party in reference to the European Union (available here: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/article-29/documentation/opinion-recommendation/files/2012/wp194_en.pdf):
These two types of cookies (session and persistent) can be subdivided even further:
b. How do cookies work and how are they deleted?
Cookie functionality, as well as options for restricting or blocking cookies, can be managed by changing the settings of the user’s web browser.
In addition, users can visit the website www.aboutcookies.org for information on how to manage/delete cookies based on the web browser being used.
In order to delete cookies from the web browser on a smartphone or tablet, users must refer to the device’s instruction manual.
c. List of the cookies used on company websites in the NETTUNO
The table below shows each company in the NETTUNO, their respective websites, and the cookies used on each.
As described in part a) above, cookie types are not limited to just session cookies and persistent cookies. There are also third-party cookies, which fall under the exclusive responsibility of the organization that created them. They can be divided into the following macro categories:
To cite one example, Google Inc. uses servers located around the United States or in other countries to store information that has been generated by cookies. This allows Google to gather aggregate statistical information, which can be useful in evaluating how the website is being used and what activities visitors engage in when on the website. Google reserves the right to transfer the information it gathers through cookies to third parties where required to do so by law, or where such third parties process the information on Google's behalf. Google guarantees that the user’s IP address will not be associated with any other data held by Google in order to build a more detailed user profile. Further information on privacy policies and the use of these types of cookies can be found directly on the websites of the organizations that create and manage them.
d. The use of Flash cookies
This website may use Adobe Flash Player to offer some multimedia content. Most computers already have this program installed by default.
When any of this content is accessed on the website, Google Analytics will store additional data on the computer, known as Flash cookies (or Local Share Objects). These allow the website owner to know the total number of times a certain audio/video file has been opened, the number of users who use that file until the end, and how many users close the file before it ends.
Adobe’s website provides information on how to remove or disable Flash cookies (please see http://www.adobe.com/products/flashplayer/security).
It should be reminded that restricting and/or eliminating the use of these types of Flash cookies could negatively effect the available functions for applications that use Flash technology.